FIBCs are preferably filled with the base of the bag supported by the ground or a pallet, and the body of the bag supported by the top lift device.
If the FIBC has a discharge spout, it should be tied off or closed before filling.
To right an FIBC that has toppled on its side, an endless fabric sling, wound through all the lifting loops, should be used. Any attempt to lift the FIBC using fewer loops than those provided, may result in the loops being torn off.
FIBCs are usually emptied by gravity, but can also be emptied by suction.
When emptying by gravity trough a bottom discharge spout, the rate of discharge can be controlled by restricting the outlet. Flow can be stopped by lowering the FIBC onto the discharged load.
FIBCs with a plain/solid bottom can be emptied by cutting the base of the bag. Again, the flow can be stopped by lowering the bag onto the discharged load.
No one should stand under an FIBC during discharge.
A bottom discharge spout should be opened only when the FIBC is suspended over a safety support that will prevent injury to the operator in the event of a failure of the lifting device.
Under no circumstances should anyone stand underneath a suspended FIBC or place their arm beneath an unsupported FIBC.
When stacking filled FIBCs 2 or more high, every effort should be made to ensure that the stack is stable.
Where possible, the stack should be formed against at least 2 retaining walls, preferably 3, to achieve maximum stability. Generally, the higher the stack, the greater the number of retaining walls required. Where only free stacking is possible, a pyramid method should be used.
FIBCs should not be pushed into a stack as this can cause damage to the sides or back of the FIBC.
If FIBCs are stored outside, attention should be paid to the top closure.
Be sure the top closure if properly tied off. FIBCs should be covered with waterproof, U.V. protected material to avoid water collecting on the top of the FIBC and to prevent damage from sunlight.
Be sure that FIBCs are not standing in water.